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New Castle Eyecare’s Top Tips to Manage Glaucoma

NCE 497638 glaucoma blog 5825

Glaucoma is a relatively common condition for those with aging eyes, but what is this condition, and how do we treat it? Recognizing glaucoma awareness month, let’s discover glaucoma together and explore what we can do about it.

Understanding Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60. It can occur at any age but is more common in older adults. Glaucoma is a term that describes a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, which is crucial for good vision, and is often caused by abnormally high pressure inside the eye.

The most common types are open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

The symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and stage of the condition:

  • Open-Angle Glaucoma: This is the most common form. Its signs and symptoms include a gradual loss of peripheral vision, usually in both eyes and tunnel vision in advanced stages.
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma: This form may present sudden eye pain, severe headache, blurred vision, eye redness, halos around lights, and nausea and vomiting. Angle-closure glaucoma is a medical emergency, and if you suspect that you are experiencing symptoms, you should go to the emergency room for immediate medical attention.

Tips for Managing Glaucoma

1. Have Regular Eye Exams

Early detection is key. Comprehensive eye exams can spot the early signs of glaucoma before noticeable vision loss occurs.

2. Know Your Family History

Glaucoma tends to be hereditary. Knowing your family’s eye health history can help you take precautions.

3. Exercise Safely

Moderate, regular exercise may help prevent glaucoma by reducing eye pressure. Talk to your doctor about an appropriate exercise program.

4. Wear Eye Protection

Serious eye injuries can lead to glaucoma. Wearing protective eyewear when engaging in sports or certain activities can help reduce your risk of eye injuries by 90%.

5. Pay Attention to Symptoms

If you notice any changes in your vision, consult your doctor immediately. This is especially crucial for those at higher risk.

Glaucoma Treatment Options in New Castle

While glaucoma damage is irreversible, medication or surgery can stop or slow its progression. Treatment options include:

  • Medications: Prescription eye drops or pills can help control eye pressure.
  • Laser Therapy: Trabeculoplasty, iridotomy, and cyclophotocoagulation are laser procedures that can increase outflow or decrease the production of intraocular fluid, thereby reducing eye pressure.
  • Surgical Procedures: In some cases, surgery like trabeculectomy or installing a drainage implant is necessary to manage eye pressure.

Your New Castle Eyecare eye doctor will happily refer you to experienced and reputable ophthalmologists in the area if any surgical treatments are necessary.

Living with Glaucoma

Coping Strategies

Living with glaucoma can be challenging. Here are some strategies to help you take this condition head-on and live a life full of confidence:

  • Stay Informed: The more you know about glaucoma, the better equipped you’ll be to handle it.
  • Maintain a Support Network: Connecting with others facing similar challenges can provide emotional support.
  • Consider Low Vision Aids: Tools like magnifying glasses, brighter lighting, and high-contrast colors can help you manage vision loss.

Diet and Lifestyle

While no specific diet can prevent glaucoma, a healthy diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids can promote overall eye health. Avoiding excessive caffeine and staying hydrated are also important.

Glaucoma Management in New Castle

As part of Glaucoma Awareness Month, we at New Castle Eyecare encourage everyone, especially those with risk factors, to take proactive steps to preserve their eye health. Don’t wait for symptoms to appear, as glaucoma often progresses silently. Schedule a comprehensive glaucoma screening with your eye care professional today. Early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing irreversible vision loss. Your vision is invaluable; protect it by getting screened for glaucoma.